Absolutism And Relativism Essay, Research Paper Absolutism and relativism are two extreme ethical approaches to reality. Basic Ethics and Morals. While they are both valid and supported by facts, absolutism and relativism essays are very contrasting in their views. Values are what a person cares about and thinks is worthwhile.
For example, values can include life, love, religious faith, freedom, relationships, health, justice, education, family and many other things. A relativis might go to any lengths to protect what they feel is absolutism and relativism essays absolutism and relativism essays to preserve these values. Values can be divided up into two subcategories: Absolute values deal with conventional ethics. In absolutism, everything is certain.
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Relativism, on the other hand, is more subjective. It includes concepts absolutism and relativism essays as utilitarianism and idealism.
Relativism stresses the idea that nothing is certain. These two ideals are extremes when approaching reality and values. An ethical absolutist believes that there is a single or universal moral standard that is absolutiwm applicable to all people at all times, and each society must adhere to them.
There is one moral law, one universal code, and one absolutism and relativism essays standard that govern all people. Right is right and wrong is wrong; everything is black and white. There is a distinct difference between relatovism is "actually" right and what is "thought" to be right.
Actions are inherently good erlativism bad, regardless of the consequences. They also feel that if two people are in disagreement about what is right, then obviously one of them must be mistaken, since ethical standards are either right or wrong. Kant, a German philosopher, was one of the greatest thinkers of all time, and absolutism and relativism essays writings are widely used to study ethics and absolutism and absolutism and relativism essays essays. According to him, to possess moral worth is more important than to possess intelligence, humor, strength or any other talent of the mind or body.
He feels that moral worth has absolute value. When faced with a moral decision, one test of a moral act is to ask oneself, "Is this the kind of act that everyone should perform? Immanuel Kant stated, "There absolutism and relativism essays Act only on that maxim whereby thou canst at the same time will that it should become a universal law" M-WDQ.
Universal principles impose categorical imperatives that demand that a person act in a certain fashion. A categorical imperative is absolktism and moral. The opposite of this absolutism and relativism essays the hypothetical imperative, which is conditional on something. In his article absolurism The New Republic, Michael Sandel wrote, "Kant argued that empirical principles, such as utility, were unfit to serve as basis for the moral law. A wholly instrumental defense of freedom and rights not only leaves rights vulnerable, but fails to respect the inherent dignity writing phd dissertation latex persons" Sandel.
In the view of modern-day Kantians, certain rights are so fundamental that even the general welfare cannot override them. The extreme opposite of absolutism is relativism. Relativists feel that circumstances arise that can alter cases, and absolutism and relativism essays exceptions to any rule. It is okay to have everyday standards to live by, but exceptions are always welcome since they are right and good.
The judgment of good of bad is based upon the result of consequence of the act rather than the act itself. Contrary to ethical absolutism, ethical relativism claims that if felativism individuals disagree absolutism and relativism essays a moral view, both can be right, since moral views are not right or wrong. The two people can both be right because "Cultural circumstances alter the way people think abso,utism their environment, thus emphasis of moral or immoral judgment is placed on differing actions absolutism and relativism essays differing cultures" Sherman.
Relativism is subjective and http://jokercat.info/8/a-75.php to gain happiness; therefore, essags ideal makes perfect sense. The article "The Paralysis of Absolutophobia" by Robert Simon gives reasons why relativism is so prevalent among students today. Also, because we all speak from some particular perspective, truly objective moral absolutism and relativism essays is impossible to attain Simon. In the same article Robert Simon speaks about having absolute values.
He feels that to be tolerant and willing to consider the viewpoints and arguments of others is in itself a moral judgment. Also, there is nothing about moral judgment that requires inflexibility, source, absolutism and relativism essays or an inability to recognize that people will disagree. And finally, Simon feels that people should replace absolutophobia with a greater appreciation and openmindness.
Part of the click to see more view deals with utilitarianism, which was supported by John Stuart Mill.
His view defends liberal principles in the name of maximizing the general welfare. In On Liberty, Mill writes, "The only freedom which deserves the name is that of pursuing our own good in our own way, so long as we do not absolutism and relativism essays to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to absolutism and relativism essays it". In one respect, utilitarianism would absolutism and relativism essays well suited to liberal purposes.
Utilitarians sometimes defend individual right on the grounds absolutism and relativism essays respecting them now absilutism serve utility in the long run. It this web page obvious that ethical absolutism and relativism are extreme asbolutism. They each have strong evidence backing them up and forming separate opinions. Even great philosophers took stands on absolutism and relativism. Immanuel Kant supports absolutism, while J.
Many people, however, feels that the best solution lies as a "happy medium" that lies somewhere in the middle.
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rellativism I agree with absolutism and relativism essays notion. Relativists see happiness and idealism, which I feel is important. I also think that it is important to seek the greatest good for the amd number of people.
Absolutism, on the other hand, has absolute certainty. I feel it is important to also have assured realities that writing service can look forward to relying on.
I disagree with the absolutist opinion absolutism and relativism essays people cannot have different views on moral issues. I think that people, depending on their experiences, culture, age, religion, and social status have differing opinions on topics. That is all a part of the world, and its diverse qualities and characteristics.
An Invitation to Moral Disclosure. Merriam-Webster Dictionary of Quotations. New Ans, New York, May 7, v p15 Sherman, Bob. From The Chronicle of Absolutism and relativism essays Education.